Scoop up 用铲子铲
Vessel n. 船，舰
Seaweek is a time when researchers try to highlight some of the biggest issues affecting our oceans. But did you know that we’re actually more familiar with the surface of Venus than the deepest parts of our oceans? There is one group trying to change that though.
NIC MAHER, REPORTING: Being an explorer these days sure isn’t what it used to be.
Nic: Okay so what do you think is past those trees over there?
Matt: I don’t think anyone’s ever been there before.
Amelia: Guys, you realise we can just check Maps. Yep, just more trees.
Nic: Oh. Do you want to grab lunch?
Amelia: So is there anywhere we can actually explore?
Nic: Well, there is one place. It’s deep, dark and full of alien life.
It’s the ocean! And while there aren’t any aliens down there, some of the stuff sure does look weird. Although the ocean covers around 70% of our planet, a whopping 95% of the ocean floor is still unexplored. In fact, we’ve got a better idea of what’s on the surface of the Moon, Mars and even Venus.
It’s something the Ocean Exploration Trust wants to change. The organisation was set up in 2008 to explore previously uncharted territory underwater, discovering new species and unravelling the secrets of the deep. And there are definitely a lot of them.
Aside from being home to more than half of all life on earth, the ocean is also the world’s biggest museum. It’s estimated around 3 million shipwrecks are down there, as well as more historical artefacts than every museum on earth put together!
Some experts reckon if you scooped up all the sunken treasure you’d pocket about $80 billion dollars. So, why aren’t more people scoping out the ocean floor for some of that sweet treasure? Well, it’s incredibly difficult to get to.
The Ocean is actually split up into 3 zones. The first is the Sunlight Zone. That’s where a lot of the most well-known fish live and is about as far down as most humans can go. At 200 metres, you reach the Twilight Zone, where light starts to disappear. At more than 1000 metres down, sunlight disappears completely. This is the Midnight Zone. It’s a cold, dark place that we still don’t know much about. It’s also where huge, freaky sea life starts appearing, like the giant squid. But it’s still not even close to the bottom in most places on earth. The lowest point is a whopping 11,000 metres down. That’s about the same depth as stacking 36 Eiffel towers on top of each other. That place is called Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench.
To get a glimpse of this weird undersea world, the Ocean Exploration Trust, or OET, has to use special deep sea exploration vessels that are strong enough to deal with the enormous pressure that comes from having kilometres of water on top of you. With those special subs, the OET has discovered some amazing things. Everything from shipwrecks to breathtaking sea life.
The organisation hopes their work will inspire a new generation of budding researchers, all while helping unravel some of the final mysteries still hiding right here on planet earth.
Nic: Alright we ready to go exploring?
Amelia: Yep, OK. Wait, does anyone have a million dollar submarine?
Nic: Ah nuts, I think we blew all our money on the sushi.