这篇关于脑震荡的文章也是一个极佳的PTE Re-tell Lecture素材，文章首先讲解了脑震荡发生的症状及原因，最后讨论了一些如何预防脑震荡的措施。这篇PTE素材中，有不少的专业词汇，大家可以摘抄下来，作为阅读词汇熟悉一下，曾佳一下自己的阅读词汇量哦！~下面的Key Vocabulary部分，是希望大家都能至少看得懂，甚至能够写的出来的那些词汇哦~
想要练习PTE题型 summarize spoken/written text的同学，也可以选取其中从The Australian Institute of Sport estimates there are…开始，一直到Some have suggested wearing protective headgear…为止的4段话，尝试用一句话总结这段话的内容。
大家可以试着听完整段音频后，自己Re-tell一下哦~ 之后再根据Full Transcript来消化学习哦！
Concussion n. 脑震荡
disorientating adj. 失去方向感的
dizzy adj. 晕眩的
collide with 与…冲突
bruised adj. 淤青的，青肿的
protective headgear 防护安全帽
false sense 误解
combat sports 竞技体育
unavoidable adj. 无法避免的
campaign n. 运动，活动
Scientists and sporting groups have joined forces to launch a new program aimed at better understanding and fighting the effects of concussion. It’s called #nobrainnogame and comes hot on the heels of new guidelines from the Australian Medical Association designed to help protect kids from the damaging effect of head knocks.
So you’re playing a bit of sport. But then suddenly, you get a big knock to the head. You might start to feel confused or sick. Or the world might just go black. That’s what happens when you get a concussion.
KID: The other week one of my team mates got hit in the head and was taken to hospital. And the week before that another one of my team mates from my club team was taken to hospital as well
KID: It just, like when you got the impact, it felt really disorientating and then you slowly got it back after a while
KID: He just felt like a little bit dizzy and he was just like lying on the floor for a little bit.
KID: Sometimes they look like they don’t have a clue where they are and they look a bit shocked really.
And in competitive sport they’re actually pretty common.
The Australian Institute of Sport estimates there are as many as 100,000 sports-related concussions in Australia each year. And it says the number of people admitted to hospital for them has risen by about 60 per cent just in the past decade!
But what’s actually going on inside your head when you get a bad knock? Well first, you need to know that your brain actually sits in liquid inside your skull, so it floats and can move around. If it collides with something the brain can move enough to bounce against the skull. That impact can leave the brain bruised or even make small tears in the nerves. That’s why people with a concussion are left feeling dizzy, confused, sick or with blurry vision.
Experts say kids may have a higher chance of getting concussions than adults. That’s why many sporting and medical groups around the country are trying to find the best way to reduce the number of concussions in junior games.
Some have suggested wearing protective headgear, but studies have shown that can actually give kids a false sense of security leading to more concussions.
Others think there should be special rules for people under 18, like not being allowed to do combat sports like boxing or not being able to play for two weeks after a concussion to make sure people are fully healed.
On top of those suggestions, football codes have already made some changes to make the sports safer like banning some dangerous tackles. But in competitive sport sometimes big hits are just unavoidable.
So sporting groups and scientists have teamed up to launch the new ‘no brain no game’ campaign. Part of the campaign will focus on raising awareness around how serious concussions can be. But the scientists will also be looking at how the brains of athletes change when they get a concussion. And they’re working on a new saliva test that could help sports teams figure out just how severe a concussion is.
These guys say there are plenty of other simple ways to keep everyone safe on the field too.
KID: Wearing protective gear and stuff, like in certain sports they have rules to stop these concussions.
KID: Just be careful if you’re like playing, just mucking around with your mates, make sure you’re not being too hard on them and yeah take it easy.
KID: I guess you go for the ball not the man and take a bit more care in your tackling.