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PTE词汇秘籍 :常用地理词汇


PTE词汇秘籍 :常用地理词汇

PTE考试在听力和口语部分都会涉及到部分地理常识,有的同学看到Describe Image的PTE地图题上面一个标注都没有顿时就傻眼了,还有Answer Short Question常常听到PTE题目完全不知道答案。今天墨尔本PTE小编给大家带来一篇常用的英文PTE地理词汇讲解,附带每个PTE词汇的英文解释。大家赶快学习 PTE词汇秘籍 ~


insular adj. 孤立的,海岛的

relating to or characteristic of or situated on an island

island n. 岛屿

a land mass that is surrounded by water

peninsula n. 半岛

a large mass of land projecting into a body of water

islet n. 小岛

a small island

marine adj. 海洋的,航海的

of or relating to the sea

maritime adj. 海的,海事的

relating to ships or navigation

moist adj. 潮湿的,多雨的

slightly wet

ledge n. 暗礁,矿层

a projecting ridge on a mountain or submerged under water

oasis n. 绿洲

a shelter serving as a place of safety or sanctuary

tide n. 海浪

the periodic rise and fall of the sea level

ebb n. 退潮

the outward flow of the tide

continent n. 大陆,洲,陆地

one of the large landmasses of the earth

terrestrial adj. 陆生的,陆地的

of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth

outskirt n. 郊区,市郊

a part of the city far removed from the center

region n. 地区,区域

the extended spatial location of something

endemic adj. 地方的,风土的

native to or confined to a certain region

cosmopolitan adj. 世界性的,世界主义的

composed of people from many parts of the world

subterranean adj. 地下的

being or operating under the surface of the earth

cavern n. 洞穴,岩洞,大山洞

a large cave or a large chamber in a cave

flaw n. 瑕疵。裂缝

an imperfection in an object or machine

cleft n. 裂缝,龟裂

a long narrow opening

crevice n. 裂缝,裂隙

a long narrow opening

gap n. 间隙,缺口

an open or empty space in or between things

zone n. 地带,地区

an area or region distinguished from adjacent parts

equator n. 赤道

an imaginary line around the Earth forming a great circle

longitude n. 经线,经度

the angular distance from the prime meridian at Greenwich

altitude n. 海拔

elevation above sea level or above the earth’s surface

latitude n. 纬线,纬度

an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator

meridian n. 子午线

an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth

subsidiary adj. 附属的,辅助的

functioning in a supporting capacity

Antarctic n. 南极 adj. 南极的

the region around the south pole: Antarctica and surrounding waters

Antarctica n. 南极洲

an extremely cold continent at the south pole almost entirely below the Antarctic Circle; covered by an ice cap up to 13,000 feet deep

arctic n. 北极圈  adj.北极的,极冷的

extremely cold

coastland n. 沿海地区

land in a coastal area

hemisphere n. 半球

half of a sphere

contour n. 等高线,轮廓

a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height

geography n. 地理学

study of the earth’s surface

horizon n. 地平线

the line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet

lowland n. 低地

low level country

strait n. 海峡

a narrow channel joining two larger bodies of water

channel n. 隧道

a deep and relatively narrow body of water

valley n. 山谷

a long depression in the surface of the land

volcano n. 火山

a fissure in the earth’s crust through which gases erupt

plateau n. 高原

a relatively flat highland

basin n. 盆地

a bowl-shaped vessel used for holding food or liquids

navigation n. 航行,航海,导航

the guidance of ships or airplanes from place to place

salinity n. 盐度,盐分

the relative proportion of salt in a solution

sediment n. 沉积,沉淀物

matter that has been deposited by some natural process

elevation n. 高地,海拔

distance of something above a reference point

terrain n. 地形,地势

a piece of ground having specific characteristics

topography n. 地势,地形

the configuration of a surface and its features

tropical adj. 热带的

relating to part of the Earth’s surface with hot climate

tropics n. 热带地区

the part of the Earth’s surface between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn; characterized by a hot climate






墨尔本PTE 澳大利亚语言学校AIL
墨尔本PTE 澳大利亚语言学校AIL
墨尔本PTE 澳大利亚语言学院PTE备考课程一共四周,由听说读写四项组成。课程将包含大量PTE官方考题资料以及应试技巧,帮助学生在四周的时间内熟悉PTE的考试形式,破题方法以及完成基础词汇的累积。
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