connotation n. 内涵，含蓄
an idea that is implied or suggested
e.g. In Arabic, the word“bayt” translates literally as house, but its connotations resonatebeyond rooms and walls, summoning longings gathered about family and home.
unassuming adj. 谦逊的
e.g. Parr’s conduct after his most heroic actions was thoroughly modest and unassuming.
avocation n. 副业，业余爱好
an auxiliary activity
e.g. Unlike many retired doctors, whom he says often have no life outside their profession, he always knew sailing would become his avocation.
omniscient adj. 全知全能的
e.g. Robbe-Grillet responds that his work is in fact far less objective than the god like, omniscient narrator who presides over so many traditional novels.
delve v. 挖，钻研
turn up, loosen, or remove earth
e.g. So she did what any reporter would do: she delved into the scientific literature and talked to investigators.
platitude n. 陈词滥调
a trite or obvious remark
e.g. But details are fuzzy an drebel leaders often resort to platitudes when dismissing suggestions of discord, saying simply that “Libya is one tribe.”
blatant adj. 喧嚣的，公然的
without any attempt at concealment;completely obvious
e.g. There was no blatant display of wealth, and every article of furniture bore signs of long though careful use.
idiosyncrasy n. 气质，性格
a behavioral attribute peculiar to an individual
e.g. One of his well-known idiosyncrasies was that he would never allow himself to be photographed.
inclusive adj. 包含的，包容的
encompassing much or everything
e.g. We are going to adhere to our basic programming strategy of nonpartisan information inclusive of all different points of view.
urbane adj. 彬彬有礼的
showing a high degree of refinement
e.g. Polished, urbane and gentlemanly—his manners were calculated to refine all around him.
clandestine adj, 私密的，私下的
conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
e.g. For Jordan, this is a clandestine relationship it would much prefer to have kept secret.
discriminating adj. 识别，区别对待
showing or indicating careful judgment and discernment
e.g. Jobs’ Apple specializes in delighting the most discriminating, hard-to-please customers.
faction n. 派别
a dissenting clique
e.g. One faction declared it would begin an armed struggle against the government of the United States.
partisan adj. 效忠的
devoted to a cause or party
e.g. But given the bitter partisan divide in an election year, Democrats said they would never be able to get such legislation passed.
objective adj. 客观的
the goal intended to be attained
e.g. The objective was to mobilize students from 18 high schools across the city to provide community services and inspire others.
entreat v. 请求，恳求
ask for or request earnestly
e.g. “Let me go now,please,” she entreated, her eyes unable to meet his any longer.
illustrious adj. 著名的，杰出的
widely known and esteemed
e.g. She will be joining an illustrious list of recipients that include Winston Churchill, Nelson Mandela, Pope John Paul II and Princess Diana.
frustrate v. 阻挠，挫败
hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire
e.g. Frustrated after two years of missed budget targets, finance chiefs demanded Greek officials put their verbal commitments into law.
philosophical adj. 哲学的
relating to the investigation of existence and knowledge
e.g. His arguments, like Einstein’s, were qualitative, verging on highly philosophical.
vacate v. 空出，搬出
leave behind empty; move out of
e.g. Their number diminished sharply after Villaraigosa announced last week that he wanted protesters to vacate the grounds by Monday or be forcibly removed.
latitude n. 纬度
freedom from normal restraints in conduct
e.g. Great employees often get more latitude to bring up controversial subjects in a groupsetting because their performance allows greater freedom.
indication n. 指出，迹象
something that serves to suggest
e.g. Authorities said an autopsy found no indications of foul play or obvious signs of trauma on Houston.
intrigue n. 激起兴趣
cause to be interested or curious
e.g. Designing and building models that intrigue and educate without overwhelming has been challenging.
satire n. 讽刺
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
e.g. There’s plenty of humor on Russian television, though not much political satire; Mr. Putin put a stop to that long ago.
muse n. 沉思
reflect deeply on a subject
e.g. Musing about the Big Picture may be a lot more gratifying than focusing on the details of the specific policies that aren’t working.
gale n. 大风，狂风
a strong wind moving 45-90 knots
e.g. The gale was accompanied, as usual, by incessant rain and thick weather, and a heavy confused sea kept our decks always flooded.
suffrage n. 选举权
a legal right to vote
e.g. There has been a great deal said in this country of late in regard to giving the right of suffrage to women.
humiliate v. 羞辱
cause to feel shame
e.g. The letter claims pensioners are too often patronised, humiliated, denied privacy or even medical treatment.
imposed v. 欺骗，强加于
set forth authoritatively as obligatory
e.g. The Arab League has already suspended Syria and imposed economic sanctions.
kindle v. 发亮，点燃
e.g. Then a match was kindled and fire applied.
exertion n. 发挥，运用
use of physical or mental energy; hard work
e.g. One day overcome by exertion,she fainted in the street.
exploit v. 开发，开采
draw from; make good use of
e.g. As humans increasingly exploit the deep seas for fish, oil and mining, understanding how species are dispersed is crucial, Copley said.
venerate v. 崇敬
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
e.g. He venerated me like a being descended from an upper world.
throng v. 群集
press tightly together or cram
e.g. Deafening cheers rent the air as he landed; hundreds thronged around him to clasp his hand.
extravagant adj. 奢侈的，浪费的
e.g. Advisers say new millionaires are prone to mistakes, like making extravagant purchases or risky deals with friends.
malice n. 恶意
feeling a need to see others suffer
e.g. He viewed the moths with malice,their fluttering wings fanning his resentment.
proceeding n. 进行，程序
a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
e.g. Chu attended the special court-martial proceeding on Monday in Hawaii, Hill said.
sanction n. 认可，支持
give authority or permission to
e.g. The Securities and Exchange Commission said last year it had sanctioned 39 senior officers for conduct related to the housing market meltdown.
conspicuous adj. 显著的
obvious to the eye or mind
e.g. Its bright scarlet fruits are conspicuous in late autumn.
toil v. 辛苦工作
e.g. He toiled in the sweat of his brow, tilling the stubborn ground, taking out stones, building fences.