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【PTE写作】Summarize Written Text例题详细解析,做做看你能拿几分?

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↓请看题↓  
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.Young Chinese people see the Gaokao as a make-or-break moment with a result that could see them hurtle down one of life’s paths or another: poor farmer or doctor; factory worker or scientist.The exams have been criticised for leading to a culture of cramming and rote learning. When you’re competing with millions of students fighting for limited places the temptation to cheat is high and you can hear Chinese people speaking openly about doing this.

At its most extreme the stress from the Gaokao is thought to lead to clinical depression and even suicide.

Jack Ma, the founder of Chinese online shopping giant Alibaba, had to sit the exam three times in order to get into university. China’s number two leader Li Keqiang once used the Gaokao to springboard himself from poor Anhui Province into China’s most prestigious academic establishment Peking University.

Recently a judge let a young man off after he first failed the Gaokao, then was caught stealing basic items on 17 occasions in order to survive, study and take the exam again. After his family repaid the victims, he will re-sit the Gaokao in the coming weeks.

 

Key Vocabulary  
· Make-or-break 不成功便成仁· Hurtle v. 猛冲· Crammingandrotelearning 填鸭式和机械式学习

· Clinicaldepression 临床忧郁症

· Springboard vi. 利用跳板跃进

 

参考答案及解析  
这段话看上去有些长,但是第一句就能看出,整体是关于高考的话题的。我们牢记Summarize Written Text的一个原则,就是文中的具体例子都是不重要的,修饰也是不重要的,全部可以去掉,那么其实文中很大一部分内容就可以直接忽略掉了。这段话其实最重要的只有3句话,各位同学来都来看看你能不能抓住这三句话的重点吧,参考答案可是40个字就搞定了Summary哦~Young Chinese people see the Gaokao as a make-or-break moment (Point 1)with a result that could see them hurtle down one of life’s paths or another: poor farmer or doctor; factory worker or scientist. (Examples)The exams have been criticised for leading to a culture of cramming and rote learning. (Point 2) When you’re competing with millions of students fighting for limited places the temptation to cheat is high and you can hear Chinese people speaking openly about doing this. (Example)

At its most extreme the stress from the Gaokao is thought to lead to clinical depression and even suicide.(Point 3)Jack Ma, the founder of Chinese online shopping giant Alibaba, had to sit the exam three times in order to get into university. China’s number two leader Li Keqiang once used the Gaokao to springboard himself from poor Anhui Province into China’s most prestigious academic establishment Peking University. (Examples)


Sample Answer:

Gaokao, which is viewed as a make-or-break moment by young Chinese people as it affects their future career strongly, has been criticised for leading to a culture of cramming and rote learning, and is thought to lead to clinical depression.  (40 words)